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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

 

 

If you have questions in addition to those set out here, please contact us by email at info@causeofsids.org or call us at (910) 717-3128
 

What is crib death?

Crib death is the most common cause of death among infants 1 month to 1 year of age.  Ninety percent of all crib deaths occur among babies under 6 months of age.  In most cases of crib death, the baby has been put down to sleep in his/her crib and later found lifeless, with no sign of illness or physical struggle.

 

How can crib death be prevented?

Many parents may be unaware of a 100% successful crib death prevention campaign which a New Zealand scientist, Dr Jim Sprott, has been running in New Zealand for ten years.

Dr Sprott states with certainty that the cause of crib death has been discovered: it is caused by very toxic nerve gases which can be generated from mattresses and certain other bedding used in babies' cribs.  These toxic nerve gases are generated when compounds of phosphorus, arsenic and/or antimony in the bedding combine with household fungus which commonly grows in bedding. 

These gases (which are all anticholinesterase agents), when inhaled by a baby or absorbed through the baby’s skin in a lethal dose, shut down the baby’s central nervous system, stopping breathing and then heart function.  Thus the cause of crib death is not medical – it is the result of environmental poisoning.  The baby can be fatally poisoned without waking and without physical struggle.

The solution is to prevent exposure of babies to the gases by wrapping mattresses in accordance with a specified protocol and ensuring that bedding used on top of the wrapped mattresses is not capable of the gas generation concerned.

Since late 1994 mattress-wrapping has been publicized nationwide in New Zealand.  Prior to the commencement of mattress-wrapping, New Zealand had the highest crib death rate in the world (2.1 deaths per 1000 live births).  Following the adoption of mattress-wrapping the New Zealand nationwide crib death rate has fallen by 56% - and there has been no reported crib death among those babies who have slept on mattresses wrapped in accordance with Dr Sprott’s mattress-wrapping protocol.  Among the ethnic group most likely to wrap babies' mattresses (New Zealand Europeans) the crib death rate has fallen by around 80%.

These major reductions in New Zealand crib death rates cannot be attributed to
orthodox crib death prevention advice (e.g. face-up sleeping). There has been no material change in that advice in New Zealand since 1992.

The toxic gas theory for crib death explains every risk factor which medical researchers associate with crib death. 

A considerable amount of research relating to the toxic gas theory has been published in peer-reviewed medical and other scientific journals.  In fact, mattress-wrapping for crib death prevention is supported by wider research than supported the introduction of various items of orthodox crib death prevention advice (including face-up sleeping).

According to Dr Sprott (who has a PhD in chemistry and is expert in the gas generation concerned), every step in the toxic gas theory for crib death has
been proved.  And the ten-year New Zealand experience provides practical proof that mattress-wrapping prevents crib death.

Some orthodox crib death researchers say that crib death rates in various countries have fallen without the introduction of mattress-wrapping – and they have.  But there is a crucial difference: many babies have died of crib death where parents followed orthodox crib death prevention advice; but there has been no reported crib death on mattresses wrapped in accordance with Dr Sprott’s mattress-wrapping protocol.

Unlike orthodox crib death prevention advice, mattress-wrapping has a 100% success record in crib death prevention.

 

Have the results of the New Zealand mattress-wrapping campaign been reported in medical literature?

 

In 2002 a German environmental medicine practitioner, Dr Hannes Kapuste, published the statistical results of the New Zealand mattress-wrapping campaign: "Giftige Gase im Kinderbett" ("Toxic Gases in Infants' Beds”), Zeitschrift fuer Umweltmedizin (Journal of Environmental Medicine) (2002, No. 44) 18-20.

The "p" factor for the mattress-wrapping intervention was calculated by Dr Kapuste (in collaboration with the University of Munich) as being:

 

p = less than 1.9 x 10-22

It is usual in medical circles to regard a "p" of less than 0.01 (10
-2) as sound proof of a scientific proposition; and if the "p" is less than 0.001 (10-3), that is regarded as virtually certain proof. 

1.9 x 10
-22 (the "p" factor for mattress-wrapping) can be written as: 0.000,000,000,000,000,000,000,19

 

Put another way, the statistical proof that mattress-wrapping prevents crib death is one billion billion times the level of proof which medical researchers generally regard as constituting certain proof of a scientific proposition.  Not surprisingly, therefore, Dr Kapuste described the toxic gas theory for crib death and mattress-wrapping for crib death prevention as having "overwhelming reliability".

 

In 2004 the results of the New Zealand mattress-wrapping campaign were published by Dr Sprott in the Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine (September 2004) 14(3), 221-232.

 

 

The toxic gas theory for crib death explains every risk factor which medical researchers associate with crib death. 
 

A considerable amount of research relating to the toxic gas theory has been published in peer-reviewed medical and other scientific journals.  In fact, mattress-wrapping for crib death prevention is supported by wider research than supported the introduction of various items of orthodox crib death prevention advice (including face-up sleeping).

According to Dr Sprott (who has a PhD in chemistry and is expert in the gas generation concerned), every step in the toxic gas theory for crib death has
been proved.  And the ten-year New Zealand experience provides practical proof that mattress-wrapping prevents crib death.

Some orthodox crib death researchers say that crib death rates in various countries have fallen without the introduction of mattress-wrapping – and they have.  But there is a crucial difference: many babies have died of crib death where parents followed orthodox crib death prevention advice; but there has been no reported crib death on mattresses wrapped in accordance with Dr Sprott’s mattress-wrapping protocol.

Unlike orthodox crib death prevention advice, mattress-wrapping has a 100% success record in crib death prevention.

Have the results of the New Zealand mattress-wrapping campaign been reported in medical literature?

In 2002 a German environmental medicine practitioner, Dr Hannes Kapuste, published the statistical results of the New Zealand mattress-wrapping campaign: "Giftige Gase im Kinderbett" ("Toxic Gases in Infants' Beds”), Zeitschrift fuer Umweltmedizin (Journal of Environmental Medicine) (2002, No. 44) 18-20.

The "p" factor for the mattress-wrapping intervention was calculated by Dr Kapuste (in collaboration with the University of Munich) as being:

 

p = less than 1.9 x 10-22

It is usual in medical circles to regard a "p" of less than 0.01 (10-2) as sound proof of a scientific proposition; and if the "p" is less than 0.001 (10-3), that is regarded as virtually certain proof. 

1.9 x 10-22 (the "p" factor for mattress-wrapping) can be written as: 0.000,000,000,000,000,000,000,19
 

Put another way, the statistical proof that mattress-wrapping prevents crib death is one billion billion times the level of proof which medical researchers generally regard as constituting certain proof of a scientific proposition.  Not surprisingly, therefore, Dr Kapuste described the toxic gas theory for crib death and mattress-wrapping for crib death prevention as having "overwhelming reliability".

In 2004 the results of the New Zealand mattress-wrapping campaign were published by Dr Sprott in the Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine (September 2004) 14(3), 221-232.

 

What does Dr Sprott say about orthodox crib death prevention advice?


1)  Don't smoke around your baby.

Recent history refutes any suggestion that smoking causes crib death, says Dr Sprott.  Smoking was very common in Britain in the 1930s and 1940s, but crib death was virtually non-existent.  Smoking is prevalent in present-day Russia and Japan, but the crib death rates are low. No cause-and-effect relationship between smoking and crib death has been established – they are socio-economic parallels. Put another way, smoking is more common among poorer people, and so is crib death. But it does not follow that smoking is therefore a crib death risk factor.

2)  Don't bedshare with your baby if you also smoke or smoked
during pregnancy.


Misleading advice, says Dr Sprott. The risk posed by bedsharing does not arise from smoking – it arises from the mattress.  Adults' mattresses very frequently contain the same chemical and fungi as babies' mattresses, and therefore they can generate the same toxic gas/es.  (For physiological reasons adults are not put at risk by this gas generation in mattresses.)

3)  Sleep your baby with feet to the foot of the crib.

According to Dr Sprott, this practice affords no protection whatsoever against crib death. Any area on an unwrapped mattress where a baby sleeps is a potential source of toxic gas, since that is the area which becomes warm and moist (promoting the fungal activity which can cause gas generation).

4) Sleep your baby face up.

Face-up sleeping is a partial preventive against crib death.  This is because the gases which cause crib death are more dense than air. They diffuse away towards the floor, and therefore a baby sleeping face up is less likely to inhale them.
 

What about the theory that crib death has a number of causes (the so-called "multifactorial" theory)?
 

Clearly wrong, says Dr Sprott.  At this point he draws attention to a highly significant piece of information about crib death: the crib death risk rises from the first baby in a family to the second, and rises again from the second baby to the third, and so on.  Babies of solo parents have a very high crib death rate.

Dr Sprott explains that the rising rate of crib death from one sibling to the next destroys every medical and physiological theory for the cause of crib death.


For example, some researchers think crib death is caused by babies re-breathing their exhaled carbon dioxide.  However, all babies exhale a similar amount of CO2, regardless of whether they are first, second or later babies. Therefore, the rising rate of crib death from one sibling to the next refutes the CO2 theory.

*  Some researchers think crib death is related to the size of babies' airways. However, for this theory to be valid would require second babies' airways to be smaller than those of first babies; and third babies' airways to be smaller than those of second babies; and so on.  Clearly, therefore, the airways theory is wrong, because the size of babies' airways is not related to birth order.

So what is the explanation for the rising rate of crib death from one sibling to the next?  Crib death is caused by gases generated in mattresses - and many parents re-use mattresses from one baby to the next.  If a mattress contains any of the chemicals concerned and fungi have become established in the mattress during previous use by another baby, generation of toxic gas commences sooner and in greater volume when the mattress is re-used.


This accounts for the rising rate of crib death from one sibling to the next.  It also accounts for the very high crib death rate among babies of solo parents, who for economic reasons are more likely to sleep their babies on previously used mattresses which they have acquired secondhand.


 

What about the claim that vaccination causes crib death?

Vaccination is not the cause of crib death – however, various studies
demonstrate that vaccination is a crib death risk factor. The way in which vaccination increases the risk of crib death is as follows:

Any circumstance which reduces the efficiency of a baby's immune system, or which causes the baby to have a higher than normal body temperature, will make the baby more likely to succumb to the gaseous poisoning which causes crib death.  If the temperature in a baby’s crib increases by 3C (say from 37C to 40C), the rate of gas generation increases by 10 to 20 times.

Since, therefore, vaccination can adversely affect the immune system (temporarily) and increase body temperature (due to the minor infection caused by the vaccine), it can make a baby more susceptible to the cause of crib death.

However, if the baby's mattress is correctly wrapped for crib death prevention and the correct bedding used, there is no risk of crib death associated with vaccination, since the wrapping prevents exposure to the gas/es concerned. Therefore, the fact that a baby sleeping on a correctly wrapped mattress has been recently vaccinated becomes irrelevant as regards crib death.  The baby may experience the common physical symptoms following vaccination, but crib death will not ensue.

 

Could the wrapping of the mattress in a BabeSafe cover cause a baby to sweat or overheat?

If sweating/overheating occurs on a BabeSafe-wrapped mattress, it is not caused by the mattress wrap.  As a matter of thermodynamics, the layer of polyethylene co-polymer which comprises the cover is so thin in relation to the thickness of the mattress that it has no measurable effect on the rate of heat transfer from the baby to the mattress itself.  Put another way, the overheating is not caused by the BabeSafe cover.

If sweating/overheating occurs on a wrapped mattress, it is the result of too much bedding on top of the baby, or too much clothing on the baby, or overheating of the baby’s room.

Babies have a GREATER capacity than adults to retain their body heat, and LESS capacity than adults to cool themselves down.  Therefore babies should be lightly dressed for sleep, and their required bedding is less than an adult requires to keep warm.

When sleeping in their cribs:

(a)  Babies should sleep in loose baby gowns or pajamas.

(b)  They should not sleep in any item of clothing which encloses their feet (such as a jumpsuit or socks) or which encloses their hands.

(c)  They should not wear bonnets or helmets, since much of their body heat loss (which is essential) occurs via the head.

(d)   It is fine to wrap a baby in a pure cotton diaper or other pure cotton sheeting.

 In respect of bedding used on top of a baby:

(a)  Babies should use no more than two pure wool or pure cotton overblankets;

(b)  In a centrally-heated home, one pure wool or pure cotton overblanket may be sufficient.

Note:  The overnight temperature in a baby's room should not exceed 17-18 degrees Celsius.

 

How can I learn more about the mattress-wrapping campaign for crib death prevention?

A special Thank you to Veilso for allowing us to host our site here.
 

 
 



Dr. Jim Sprott (Penguine 1996)

The Cot Death Cover-up?
Read Chaper one! 
click here

NBC News and Dr. Jim Sprott in California

 

Has The Causes of SIDS (Crib Death) Been Found?
By Jane Sheppard

Parents Denied Crucial Findings click here to read

The Cot Death Cover-up?
Cot Death "No Medical Cause"
How to prevent SIDS (Cot Death)
Limerick Report
Success of Mattress Wrapping
Mechanism of Cot Death (SIDS)

Results of Bedding Analysis
Information about Sheepskins
Head flattening (plagiocephaly)
Statistics of New Zealand Mattress Wrapping
Information for professional students
Cot Death (SIDS) Cause and Prevention
Cot Death Today

Abnormal Brainstems not a cause of SIDS
Baby Safe Mattress Covers
Orthodox crib death prevention advice: The facts and the Fallacies

...Fact (but only a partial solution):
To reduce the risk of cot death, sleep your baby face up...

click here to read more
______________________________

Rebuttal to the FSID Statement Regarding the Toxic Gas Hypothesis of Cot Death  click here
 


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